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PLANTS Profile

Cenchrus echinatus L.
southern sandbur

Data Source

Last revised by:
USDA NRCS National Plant Data Team
Curated and maintained by:
USDA NRCS National Plant Data Center

Data Documentation

Documentation State Type
1963. Iowa State Journal of Science DC, MS, PR Literature
1964. Phytologia MD Literature
2000. CalFlora: Information on California plants for education, research and conservation ( The CalFlora Database, Berkeley CA Literature
Assorted authors. State noxious weed lists for 46 states. State agriculture or natural resource departments Literature
Barger, T.W., D.D. Spaulding, and B.D. Holt. 2013. The vascular flora of the Perdido River Forever Wild tract, Baldwin County, Alabama. Castanea 78: 119-133 AL Literature
California Department of Food and Agriculture. Pest ratings of noxious weed species and noxious weed seed (, 20 October 2003). California Department of Food and Agriculture, California Literature
Checklist of the vascular plants of San Diego County, California ( San Diego Natural History Museum, San Diego CA Literature
Damrel, D., D.J. Pinkava, and L.R. Landrum. The Phoenix flora ( AZ Literature
Duncan, W.H., and J.T. Kartesz. 1981. Vascular flora of Georgia. University of Georgia Press, Athens GA Literature
Haynes, R. 1990. A database of the Alabama flora. Unpublished AL Literature
Hickman, J.C. (ed.). 1993. The Jepson manual. University of California Press, Berkeley CA Literature
Hubbard, J.R., and W.S. Judd. 2013. Floristics of Silver River State Park, Marion County, Florida. Rhodora 115: 250-280 FL Literature
James, S.A., and C.T. Imada (eds.). 2007. Pacific Basin vascular plant checklist. Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum, Honolulu PW, UM Literature
Jones, S.B., and N. Coile. 1988. The distribution of the vascular flora of Georgia. Herbarium, Department of Botany, Athens GA Literature
Kartesz, J.T. 2002. Atlas of the Arizona flora. Unpublished AZ Literature
Kearney, T., and R.H. Peebles. 1960. Arizona flora with supplement. University of California Press, Los Angeles AZ Literature
Martin, W.C., and C.R. Hutchins. 1980. A flora of New Mexico. Strauss & Cramer, Germany NM Literature
Mississippi Natural Heritage Program MS Literature
NCU. Specimen at University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, ( VA Specimen
Plant Services Division. Prohibited, regulated and restricted noxious weeds (, 1 May 2006). Arizona Department of Agriculture, Arizona Literature
Radford, A.E., H.E. Ahles, and C.R. Bell. 1965. Atlas of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. Department of Botany Technical Bulletin No. 165. Chapel Hill NC, SC Literature
Radford, A.E., H.E. Ahles, and C.R. Bell. 1968. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill NC, SC Literature
Southern Weed Science Society. Weeds of the United States and Canada. CD-ROM. Southern Weed Science Society, Champaign, Illinois Literature
Taylor, R.J., and C.E.S. Taylor. 1989. An annotated list of the ferns, fern allies, gymnosperms and flowering plants of Oklahoma. Southeast Oklahoma State University OK Literature
Thomas, R.D., and C.M. Allen. 1993. Atlas of the vascular flora of Louisiana, vols. 1-3. Louisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries. Natural Heritage Program, Fort Worth, TX LA Literature
Thomas, R.D., and C.M. Allen. 1997. Atlas of the vascular flora of Louisiana, vols. 1-3 (Plus updates). Louisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries. Natural Heritage Program, Baton Rouge LA Literature
Turner, B.L., H. Nichols, G. Denny, and O. Doron. 2003. Atlas of the Vascular Plants of Texas, vol. 2. Sida, Botanical Miscellany, No. 24. Botanical Research Institute of Texas Press, Fort Worth TX Literature
UNM. Specimen at University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico, ( NM Specimen
USDI, Geological Survey. Information index for selected alien plants in Hawaii (, 20 October 2003). Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk Project, Biological Resources Division, Haleakala Field Station, Makawao, Hawaii Literature
Wagner, W.L., D.R. Herbst, and S.H. Sohmer. 1990. Manual of the flowering plants of Hawai'i, 2 vols. University of Hawaii Press, Bishop Museum, Honolulu HI Literature
Wilhelm, G.S. 1984. Vascular flora of the Pensacola Region. Ph.D. Dissertation. Southern Illinois University, Carbondale AL Literature
Woodbury, R.O., and E.L. Little, Jr. 1976. Flora of Buck Island Reef National Monument (U.S. Virgin Islands). Research Paper ITF-19. USDA Forest Service VI Literature
Wunderlin, R.P., B.F. Hansen,and E.L. Bridges. 1996. Atlas of Florida vascular plants: CD-ROM. University of South Florida, Tampa FL Literature
Wunderlin, R.P., and B.F. Hansen. 2008. Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants ( [online: accessed on 8 November 2014]. Institute for Systematic Botany, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL FL Literature
Zanoni, T.A., and W.R. Buck. 1999. Navassa Island and its flora. 2. Checklist of the vascular plants. Brittonia 51: 389-394 Literature
Time Generated: 02/24/2021 06:38 PM CST