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PLANTS Profile


Athyrium filix-femina (L.) Roth
common ladyfern

Data Source

Last revised by:
USDA NRCS National Plant Data Team
Curated and maintained by:
USDA NRCS National Plant Data Center
 

Data Documentation

Documentation State Type
1906. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium WA Literature
1917. Contributions from the Gray Herbarium DC Literature
1937. American Fern Journal MI Literature
1938. American Fern Journal KY Literature
1977. American Fern Journal ND, NE Literature
1983. American Fern Journal CT Literature
1985. Wassman Journal of Biology CA Literature
1991. Douglasia WA Literature
1999. University of Minnesota Herbarium: Vascular plant collection (http://www.wildflowers.umn.edu) MN Literature
2000. CalFlora: Information on California plants for education, research and conservation (http://www.calflora.org/). The CalFlora Database, Berkeley CA Literature
Atwood, J.T., et al. 1973. Check list of Vermont plants. Vermont Botanical and Bird Club VT Literature
Barger, T.W., D.D. Spaulding, and B.D. Holt. 2013. The vascular flora of the Perdido River Forever Wild tract, Baldwin County, Alabama. Castanea 78: 119-133 AL Literature
Barker 124 (ALA V0116587). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Barker 224 (ALA V0118146). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Barker SP05-101 (ALA V0156486). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Barker & Pratt s.n. (ALA V0136736). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Barkworth, Mary E. Personal communication DE Literature
Batten 03-228 (ALA V0148520). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Batten & Barker 02-512 (ALA V0142008). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Batten & Barker 02-528 (ALA V0142009). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Batten & Juday 88-527 (ALA V0104141). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Batten & Juday 88-538 (ALA V0104152). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Batten, McWhorter & Blank 02-297 (ALA V0142007). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Billington, C. 1952. Ferns of Michigan. Cranbrook Institute of Science Bulletin 32 MI Literature
Blank & McWhorter 01-89 (ALA V0135996). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Bluhm, Wilbur. Personal communication OR Literature
Brouillet, L., F. Coursol, and M. Favreau. 2006. VASCAN, the Database of Vascular Plants of Canada. Herbier Marie-Victorin, Institut de recherche en biologie végétale, Université de Montréal AB, BC, GL, LB, MB, NB, NF, NS, NT, ON, PE, QC, SB, SK, YT Literature
Brown, M.L., and R.G. Brown. 1984. Herbaceous plants of Maryland. Port City Press, Inc., Baltimore MD Literature
CIC. Specimen at Albertson College of Idaho, Caldwell, Idaho, (http://www.collegeofidaho.edu/academics/biology/Resources/handbook/default.asp?mainID=10&subID=4). ID Specimen
Campbell, J., and M. Medley. 2012. The atlas of vascular plants in Kentucky (http://www.bluegrasswoodland.com) KY Literature
Campbell, Julian. Personal communication KY Literature
Carlson & Gisler 03-79 (ALA V0145553). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Caswell (ALA V0110972). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Caswell 19 (ALA V0108426). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Caswell 27 (ALA V0109871). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Caswell 94-204 (ALA V0118081). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Caswell 96111 (ALA V0124344). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Chester, E.W., B.E. Wofford, R. Kral, H.R. DeSelm, and A.M. Evans. 1993. Atlas of Tennessee vascular plants. 2 vols. Center for Field Biology Miscellaneous Publication No. 9/13. Austin Peay State University, Clarksville TN Literature
Chester, E.W., B.E. Wofford, R. Kral, H.R. DeSelm, and A.M. Evans. 1993. Atlas of Tennessee vascular plants. Vol. 1. Miscellaneous Publication No. 9. Austin Peay State University, Clarksville TN Literature
Clemants, Steven. Personal communication NY Literature
Coile, N.C., and M.A. Garland. 2003. Notes on Florida's endangered and threatened plants (http://www.doacs.state.fl.us/pi/enpp/botany/images/Notes2003.pdf, 29 January 2005). Florida Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services, Division of Plant Industry, Florida Literature
Cook, Larsen & Duffy 3963 (ALA V0145725). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Crovello, T.J., C.A. Keller, and J.T. Kartesz. 1983. The vascular plants of Indiana: A computer based checklist. University of Notre Dame Press, Notre Dame IN Literature
Culbertson 29 (ALA V0097185). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Cullina, M.D., B. Connolly, B. Sorrie, and P. Somers. 2011. The vascular plants of Massachusetts: A county checklist, first revision. Massachusetts Natural Heritage & Endangered Species Program, Massachusetts Division of Fisheries and Wildlife, Westborough MA Literature
Cumby 90 (ALA V0071810). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Cusick, A. 2004. Ferns and their allies of Ohio. Unpublished OH Literature
Davis, R. 1952. Flora of Idaho. W.C. Brown Co., Dubuque ID Literature
DeLapp & Duffy 93-311 (ALA V0116168). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
DeLapp & Duffy 93-408 (ALA V0116260). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Deam, C.C. 1940. Flora of Indiana. Wm.B. Burford Printing Co., Indianapolis IN Literature
Densmore 4 (ALA V0102788). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Department of Environmental Conservation. 2000. Protected native plants (http://www.dec.ny.gov/regs/15522.html, 20 October 2002). Division of Land and Forests, New York Literature
Dick 379a (ALA V0099155). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Dick 88 (ALA V0099156). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
District of Columbia Natural Heritage Program DC Literature
Dodge s.n. (ALA V0099843). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Domangue, B.E., and C.K. McMullen. 2013. Floristic survey of the vascular plants of Shenandoah County, Virginia. Castanea 78: 312-322 VA Literature
Dorn, R.D. 1977. Manual of the vascular plants of Wyoming. 2 vols. Garland Publishing, Inc., New York WY Literature
Dorn, R.D. 1984. Vascular plants of Montana. Mountain West Publishers, Cheyenne MT Literature
Dowhan, J.J. 1979. Preliminary checklist of the vascular flora of Connecticut (growing without cultivation). State Geological and Natural History Survey of Connecticut, Natural Resources Center, Department of Environmental Protection. Hartford CT Literature
Duffy MD00-149 (ALA V0147786). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Duffy MD00-189 (ALA V0147826). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Duffy & Tande 143 (ALA V0118712). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Duffy & Tande 256 (ALA V0118792). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Duffy & Tande 95-971 (ALA V0120841). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Duncan, W.H., and J.T. Kartesz. 1981. Vascular flora of Georgia. University of Georgia Press, Athens GA Literature
Durst 194 (ALA V0101098). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
EOSC. Specimen at Eastern Oregon University, Lagrande, Oregon, (http://mgd.nacse.org/cgi-bin/sqml2.0/eastoregon/eastor.qml). OR Specimen
George, G.G. 1992. A synonymized checklist of the plants found growing in Rhode Island. Rhode Island Wild Plant Society RI Literature
Glenn, S.D. (ed.). 2013. New York Metropolitan Flora database. New York Metropolitan Flora Project, Brooklyn Botanic Garden, New York CT, NJ, NY Literature
Grant 87-3 (ALA V0090345). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Grant 88-91 (ALA V0096811). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Hartman, R. Atlas of the vascular flora of Wyoming. Unpublished and undated WY Literature
Harvill, A.M., C.E. Stevens, and D.M.E. Ware. 1977. Atlas of the Virginia flora, Part I. Pteridophytes through monocotyledons. Virginia Botanical Associates, Farmville VA Literature
Hatch, S.L., K.N. Gandhi, and L.E. Brown. 1990. Checklist of the vascular plants of Texas (MP-1655). Texas Agricultural Experiment Station, College Station TX Literature
Haynes, R. 1990. A database of the Alabama flora. Unpublished AL Literature
Hickman, J.C. (ed.). 1993. The Jepson manual. University of California Press, Berkeley CA Literature
Hitchcock, C.L., and A. Cronquist. 1973. Flora of the Pacific Northwest. University of Washington Press, Seattle OR Literature
Hogan, Tim. Personal communication CO Literature
Hough, M.Y. 1978. New Jersey Wild Plants. Harmony Press, Harmony NJ Literature
House, H.D. 1924. Annotated list of the ferns and flowering plants of New York State. New York State Museum Bulletin No. 254 NY Literature
Hulten, E. 1968. Flora of Alaska and neighboring territories: A manual of the vascular plants. Stanford University Press, Stanford AK Literature
ID. Specimen at University of Idaho, Moscow, Idaho, (http://www.sci.uidaho.edu/biosci/herbarium/vtour.html). ID Specimen
IDS. Specimen at Idaho State University, Pocatello, Idaho, (http://imnh.isu.edu/Collections/Botany.htm). ID Specimen
Illinois Plant Information Network (ILPIN) IL Literature
Jansen, Lipkin, Carlson & Pearse 02-44 (ALA V0143232). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Johnston, B. 1991. List of Colorado plants. Unpublished CO Literature
Jones, S.B., and N. Coile. 1988. The distribution of the vascular flora of Georgia. Herbarium, Department of Botany, Athens GA Literature
Kartesz, J.T. 1988. A flora of Nevada. University of Nevada, Reno NV Literature
Kartesz, J.T. 2001. Atlas of the Nevada flora. Unpublished NV Literature
Kearney, T., and R.H. Peebles. 1960. Arizona flora with supplement. University of California Press, Los Angeles AZ Literature
Klein 70 (ALA V0097351). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Larsen & Batten 01-681 (ALA V0138650). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Larsen & Batten 01-837 (ALA V0138651). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Larsen & Duffy 01-278 (ALA V0138649). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Larson, J., B. Reif, B.E. Nelson, and R.L. Hartman. 2014. Floristic studies in north central New Mexico, U.S.A. The Sangre de Cristo Mountains. Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 8: 271-303 NM Literature
Lellinger, D.B. 1985. A field manual of the ferns and fern-allies of the U.S. and Canada. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC MT, SD, WY Literature
Lewis (ALA V0110880). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Lewis & Max 25 (ALA V0106311). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Lipkin 03-53 (ALA V0152584). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Lipkin & Carlson 03-191 (ALA V0152585). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Lipkin & Miller 05-92 (ALA V0157112). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Lipkin & Moran 422 (ALA V0145877). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Lipkin & Moran 424 (ALA V0145878). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Lipkin, Michaelson & Blank 212 (ALA V0145876). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Loomis & Larsen 1216 (ALA V0153006). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Loomis & Larsen 1456 (ALA V0153007). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Loomis & Larsen 1541 (ALA V0153008). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Magee, D. Flora of New England. Unpublished and undated CT, MA, ME, NH, NY, RI, VT Literature
Martin, W.C., and C.R. Hutchins. 1980. A flora of New Mexico. Strauss & Cramer, Germany NM Literature
Massey, A.B. 1961. Virginia Flora. Virginia Agricultural Experiment Station, Technical Bulletin 155. Blacksburg, VA VA Literature
McAvoy, William. Personal communication DE Literature
McGregor, R.L., et al. 1977. Atlas of the flora of the Great Plains. Iowa State University Press, Ames IA, ND, NE, SD Literature
McGregor, R.L., et al. 1986. Flora of the Great Plains. University of Kansas Press, Lawrence IA, KS, ND, SD Literature
Medley, M.E. 1993. An annotated catalogue of the known or reported vascular flora of Kentucky. University of Louisville, Louisville KY Literature
Meyer, J. 1990. Chrysler Herbarium Checklist. Manuscript NJ Literature
Miller, J.H., and K.V. Miller. 1999. Forest plants of the southeast and their wildlife uses. Southern Weed Science Society Literature
Mitchell, R.S. (ed.). 1986. A checklist of New York State plants. Contributions of a Flora of New York State, Checklist III. New York State Bulletin No. 458. New York State Museum, Albany NY Literature
Mohlenbrock, R.H. 1986. Guide to the vascular flora of Illinois, rev. ed. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale and Edwardsville IL Literature
Mohr., C. 1901. Plant life of Alabama. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium VI AL Literature
Moore, J.W., R.M. Tryon, Jr. 1946. A preliminary check list of the flowering plants, ferns and fern allies of Minnesota. Department of Botany, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis MN Literature
Murray & Lipkin 12319 (ALA V0158654). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
New York Flora Association. 1990. Preliminary vouchered atlas of New York State flora, ed. 1. New York State Museum Institute, Albany NY Literature
Norton-Brown Herbarium. 2014. Norton-Brown Herbarium (MARY) plant distribution records (http://www.nbh.psla.umd.edu). University of Maryland, College Park MD Literature
Oregon Flora Project species list; species noted on herbarium specimens. Unpublished and undated OR Literature
Ownbey, G.B., and T. Morley. 1991. Vascular plants of Minnesota: A checklist and atlas. University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis MN Literature
Parker 14058 (ALA V0143905). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Parker 14145 (ALA V0143991). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Parker 15687 (ALA V0150120). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Parker 15762 (ALA V0150272). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Parker 1920 (ALA V0085827). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Parker 2860 (ALA V0110495). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Parker 3531 (ALA V0111611). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Parker 3575 (ALA V0111784). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Parker 5274 (ALA V0117991). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Parker 5350 (ALA V0117290). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Parker 5459 (ALA V0117761). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Parker & Solstad 13821 (ALA V0138021). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Parker & Solstad 13834 (ALA V0138034). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Parker & Studebaker 16232 (ALA V0155240). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Parker & Studebaker 16873 (ALA V0157754). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Parker, Batten, Bennett et al. 9632 (ALA V0130387). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Parker, Batten, Meyers & Raynolds 8657 (ALA V0127957). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Parker, Elven & Guldager 13618 (ALA V0137949). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Parker, Elven & Guldager 13682 (ALA V0138012). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Peck, M.E. 1961. A manual of the higher plants of Oregon, 2nd ed. Oregon State University Press, Corvallis OR Literature
Petrik-Ott, A.J. 1979. The pteridophytes of Kansas, Nebraska, South Dakota and North Dakota, USA. Strauss & Cramer, Germany OK Literature
Radford, A., et al. (eds.). Vascular flora of the southeastern United States. Unpublished and undated MS Literature
Radford, A.E., H.E. Ahles, and C.R. Bell. 1965. Atlas of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. Department of Botany Technical Bulletin No. 165. Chapel Hill NC, SC Literature
Radford, A.E., H.E. Ahles, and C.R. Bell. 1968. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill NC, SC Literature
Ralph, R.A. Checklist of the vascular plants of the Coastal Plain of Delaware. Unpublished and undated. University of Delaware Department of Biology DE Literature
Reed, R. 1987. Wisconsin vascular plants. Unpublished WI Literature
Reif, B., J. Larson, B.F. Jacobs, B.E. Nelson, and R.L. Hartman. 2009. Floristic studies in north central New Mexico, U.S.A. The Tusas Mountains and the Jemez Mountains. Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 3: 921-961 NM Literature
Rhoads, A.F., and W.M. Klein, Jr. 1993. The vascular flora of Pennsylvania. Annotated checklist and atlas. American Philosophical Society, Philadelphia PA Literature
Richards, C.D., F. Hyland, and L.M. Eastman. 1983. Revised check-list of the vascular plants of Maine. Bulletin of the Josselyn Botanical Society, No. 11 ME Literature
Roland 3414 (ALA V0127526). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Roland 3968 (ALA V0133612). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Seymour, F.C. 1969. The flora of New England. Charles E. Tuttle Company, Rutland NH Literature
Sherburne s.n. (ALA V0096694). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Shultz, Leila M. Personal communication UT Literature
Sigafoos 6278 (ALA V0125197). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Smith, E.B. 1988. An atlas and annotated list of the vascular plants of Arkansas, 2d ed. AR Literature
Sorrie, B.A. 1992. County checklist of Massachusetts plants. Unpublished MA Literature
Sparks 75-56 (ALA V0116759). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Specimen Management System for California Herbaria (SMASCH) (http://www.mip.berkeley.edu/www_apps/smasch/) CA Literature
Specimen at Douglas County Museum, Roseburg, Oregon, (http://www.co.douglas.or.us/museum/collections.asp). OR Specimen
Specimen at Linfield College, McMinnville, Oregon, (http://www.linfield.edu/bio/). OR Specimen
Stensvold 5944 (ALA V0115759). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Stensvold 6185 (ALA V0115876). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Strausbaugh, P.D., and E.L. Core. 1977. Flora of West Virginia, 2nd ed., 4 vols. West Virginia Bulletin, Morgantown WV Literature
Straw, R. Jackson and Josephine County checklist. Unpublished and undated OR Literature
TEX. Specimen at University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas, (http://www.biosci.utexas.edu/prc/). TX Specimen
Talbot 155-X-1 (ALA V0109425). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Talbot ALA1A-10 (ALA V0143559). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Talbot SHE2B-11 (ALA V0143820). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Talbot TAG1G-30 (ALA V0143560). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Talbot & Talbot 087-5B (ALA V0126274). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Talbot & Talbot 158 (ALA V0125957). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Talbot & Talbot TNG48X1 (ALA V0156384). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Taylor, R.J., and C.E.S. Taylor. 1989. An annotated list of the ferns, fern allies, gymnosperms and flowering plants of Oklahoma. Southeast Oklahoma State University OK Literature
Taylor, T.M.C. 1970. Pacific Northwest ferns and their allies. University of Toronto Press, Toronto WA Literature
Texas A&M Bioinformatics Working Group. Texas A&M Bioinformatics Working Group Internet site (http://csdl.tamu.edu/FLORA/output/outputa.html) TX Literature
Thomas, R.D., and C.M. Allen. 1993. Atlas of the vascular flora of Louisiana, vols. 1-3. Louisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries. Natural Heritage Program, Fort Worth, TX LA Literature
Thomas, R.D., and C.M. Allen. 1997. Atlas of the vascular flora of Louisiana, vols. 1-3 (Plus updates). Louisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries. Natural Heritage Program, Baton Rouge LA Literature
Turner, B.L., H. Nichols, G. Denny, and O. Doron. 2003. Atlas of the Vascular Plants of Texas, vol. 2. Sida, Botanical Miscellany, No. 24. Botanical Research Institute of Texas Press, Fort Worth TX Literature
UNM. Specimen at University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico, (http://www.msb.unm.edu/herbarium/). NM Specimen
Ver Hoef 109 (ALA 00092040). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
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