USDA and NRCS Identifier NRCS Logo
 
Characteristics

Conservation Plant Characteristics

Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.
cowpea
VIUN

Summary
Duration AN Federal T/E Status
Growth Habit VI, FB   National Wetland Indicator
Native Status (I), L48 (I), PR (I), VI (I)      
 
Morphology/Physiology
Active Growth Period Spring and Summer   Fruit/Seed Conspicuous Yes
After Harvest Regrowth Rate   Growth Form Single Crown
Bloat None   Growth Rate Rapid
C:N Ratio Low   Height at Base Age, Maximum
Coppice Potential No   Height at Maturity 2.5
Fall Conspicuous No   Known Allelopath No
Fire Resistant No   Leaf Retention No
Flower Color Purple   Lifespan
Flower Conspicuous Yes   Low Growing Grass No
Foliage Color Green   Nitrogen Fixation High
Foliage Porosity Summer Porous   Resprout Ability No
Foliage Porosity Winter Porous   Shape and Orientation Erect
Foliage Texture Coarse   Toxicity None
Fruit/Seed Color Black      
 
Growth Requirements
Adapted To Coarse Textured Soils No   Moisture Use Medium
Adapted To Medium Textured Soils Yes   pH, Minimum 6.0
Adapted To Fine Textured Soils Yes   pH, Maximum 8.0
Anaerobic Tolerance None   Planting Density Per Acre, Minimum
CaCO3 Tolerance None   Planting Density Per Acre, Maximum
Cold Stratification Required No   Precipitation, Minimum 13
Drought Tolerance None   Precipitation, Maximum 150
Fertility Requirement Medium   Root Depth, Minimum 6
Fire Tolerance None   Salinity Tolerance Medium
Frost Free Days, Minimum 120   Shade Tolerance Intolerant
Hedge Tolerance None   Temperature, Minimum (°F) 47
 
Reproduction
Bloom Period Summer   Propagated By Cuttings No
Commercial Availability Routinely Available   Propagated By Seed Yes
Fruit/Seed Abundance High   Propagated By Sod No
Fruit/Seed Period Begin Summer   Propagated By Sprigs No
Fruit/Seed Period End Fall   Propagated By Tubers No
Fruit/Seed Persistence Yes   Seed Per Pound 3600
Propagated By Bare Root No   Seed Spread Rate Moderate
Propagated By Bulbs No   Seedling Vigor High
Propagated By Container No   Small Grain No
Propagated By Corms No   Vegetative Spread Rate None
 
Suitibility/Use
Berry/Nut/Seed Product No   Palatable Browse Animal High
Christmas Tree Product No   Palatable Graze Animal High
Fodder Product No   Palatable Human Yes
Fuelwood Product   Post Product No
Lumber Product No   Protein Potential High
Naval Store Product No   Pulpwood Product No
Nursery Stock Product No   Veneer Product No
 
 
Time Generated: 10/20/2019 08:56 AM CDT