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Characteristics

Conservation Plant Characteristics

Vicia americana Muhl. ex Willd.
American vetch
VIAM

Summary
Duration PR Federal T/E Status
Growth Habit FB, VI   National Wetland Indicator
Native Status L48 (N), AK (N), CAN (N)      
 
Morphology/Physiology
Active Growth Period Spring and Summer   Fruit/Seed Conspicuous No
After Harvest Regrowth Rate Moderate   Growth Form Rhizomatous
Bloat None   Growth Rate Moderate
C:N Ratio Low   Height at Base Age, Maximum
Coppice Potential No   Height at Maturity 1.3
Fall Conspicuous No   Known Allelopath No
Fire Resistant No   Leaf Retention No
Flower Color Purple   Lifespan Moderate
Flower Conspicuous Yes   Low Growing Grass No
Foliage Color Green   Nitrogen Fixation Low
Foliage Porosity Summer Moderate   Resprout Ability No
Foliage Porosity Winter Porous   Shape and Orientation Decumbent
Foliage Texture Medium   Toxicity None
Fruit/Seed Color Brown      
 
Growth Requirements
Adapted To Coarse Textured Soils Yes   Moisture Use Low
Adapted To Medium Textured Soils Yes   pH, Minimum 5.9
Adapted To Fine Textured Soils No   pH, Maximum 7.2
Anaerobic Tolerance None   Planting Density Per Acre, Minimum
CaCO3 Tolerance Low   Planting Density Per Acre, Maximum
Cold Stratification Required No   Precipitation, Minimum 9
Drought Tolerance High   Precipitation, Maximum 50
Fertility Requirement High   Root Depth, Minimum 10
Fire Tolerance Medium   Salinity Tolerance None
Frost Free Days, Minimum 120   Shade Tolerance Intolerant
Hedge Tolerance None   Temperature, Minimum (°F) -38
 
Reproduction
Bloom Period Late Spring   Propagated By Cuttings No
Commercial Availability No Known Source   Propagated By Seed Yes
Fruit/Seed Abundance Low   Propagated By Sod No
Fruit/Seed Period Begin Summer   Propagated By Sprigs No
Fruit/Seed Period End Fall   Propagated By Tubers No
Fruit/Seed Persistence No   Seed Per Pound 32833
Propagated By Bare Root No   Seed Spread Rate Slow
Propagated By Bulbs No   Seedling Vigor Low
Propagated By Container No   Small Grain No
Propagated By Corms No   Vegetative Spread Rate Slow
 
Suitibility/Use
Berry/Nut/Seed Product No   Palatable Browse Animal High
Christmas Tree Product No   Palatable Graze Animal High
Fodder Product Yes   Palatable Human No
Fuelwood Product   Post Product No
Lumber Product No   Protein Potential High
Naval Store Product No   Pulpwood Product No
Nursery Stock Product No   Veneer Product No
 
 
Time Generated: 05/26/2020 03:25 PM CDT