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Characteristics

Conservation Plant Characteristics

Pennisetum purpureum Schumach.
elephant grass
PEPU2

Summary
Duration PR Federal T/E Status
Growth Habit GR   National Wetland Indicator
Native Status (I), L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)      
 
Morphology/Physiology
Active Growth Period Summer and Fall   Fruit/Seed Conspicuous No
After Harvest Regrowth Rate Moderate   Growth Form Rhizomatous
Bloat None   Growth Rate Rapid
C:N Ratio Medium   Height at Base Age, Maximum
Coppice Potential No   Height at Maturity 10.0
Fall Conspicuous No   Known Allelopath No
Fire Resistant No   Leaf Retention No
Flower Color Yellow   Lifespan Long
Flower Conspicuous No   Low Growing Grass No
Foliage Color Green   Nitrogen Fixation None
Foliage Porosity Summer Dense   Resprout Ability No
Foliage Porosity Winter Dense   Shape and Orientation Erect
Foliage Texture Coarse   Toxicity None
Fruit/Seed Color Brown      
 
Growth Requirements
Adapted To Coarse Textured Soils Yes   Moisture Use Medium
Adapted To Medium Textured Soils Yes   pH, Minimum 5.2
Adapted To Fine Textured Soils Yes   pH, Maximum 8.7
Anaerobic Tolerance None   Planting Density Per Acre, Minimum 1700
CaCO3 Tolerance Medium   Planting Density Per Acre, Maximum 4800
Cold Stratification Required No   Precipitation, Minimum 36
Drought Tolerance High   Precipitation, Maximum 100
Fertility Requirement High   Root Depth, Minimum 14
Fire Tolerance High   Salinity Tolerance None
Frost Free Days, Minimum 365   Shade Tolerance Intolerant
Hedge Tolerance None   Temperature, Minimum (°F) 17
 
Reproduction
Bloom Period Mid Summer   Propagated By Cuttings Yes
Commercial Availability Routinely Available   Propagated By Seed Yes
Fruit/Seed Abundance Low   Propagated By Sod No
Fruit/Seed Period Begin Summer   Propagated By Sprigs Yes
Fruit/Seed Period End Fall   Propagated By Tubers No
Fruit/Seed Persistence No   Seed Per Pound 1402000
Propagated By Bare Root No   Seed Spread Rate None
Propagated By Bulbs No   Seedling Vigor Low
Propagated By Container No   Small Grain No
Propagated By Corms No   Vegetative Spread Rate Slow
 
Suitibility/Use
Berry/Nut/Seed Product No   Palatable Browse Animal Medium
Christmas Tree Product No   Palatable Graze Animal Medium
Fodder Product Yes   Palatable Human No
Fuelwood Product   Post Product No
Lumber Product No   Protein Potential Medium
Naval Store Product No   Pulpwood Product No
Nursery Stock Product No   Veneer Product No
 

Pennisetum purpureum Schumach.
elephant grass
PEPU2
Cultivar: Mott

Summary
Duration PR Federal T/E Status
Growth Habit GR   National Wetland Indicator
Native Status (I), L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)      
 
Morphology/Physiology
Active Growth Period Summer and Fall   Fruit/Seed Conspicuous No
After Harvest Regrowth Rate Moderate   Growth Form Rhizomatous
Bloat None   Growth Rate Rapid
C:N Ratio Medium   Height at Base Age, Maximum
Coppice Potential No   Height at Maturity 10.0
Fall Conspicuous No   Known Allelopath No
Fire Resistant No   Leaf Retention No
Flower Color   Lifespan Long
Flower Conspicuous No   Low Growing Grass No
Foliage Color Green   Nitrogen Fixation None
Foliage Porosity Summer Dense   Resprout Ability No
Foliage Porosity Winter Dense   Shape and Orientation Erect
Foliage Texture Coarse   Toxicity None
Fruit/Seed Color Brown      
 
Growth Requirements
Adapted To Coarse Textured Soils Yes   Moisture Use Medium
Adapted To Medium Textured Soils Yes   pH, Minimum 5.2
Adapted To Fine Textured Soils Yes   pH, Maximum 6.8
Anaerobic Tolerance None   Planting Density Per Acre, Minimum 1700
CaCO3 Tolerance None   Planting Density Per Acre, Maximum 4800
Cold Stratification Required No   Precipitation, Minimum 36
Drought Tolerance High   Precipitation, Maximum 100
Fertility Requirement Medium   Root Depth, Minimum 14
Fire Tolerance High   Salinity Tolerance None
Frost Free Days, Minimum 365   Shade Tolerance Intolerant
Hedge Tolerance None   Temperature, Minimum (°F) 17
 
Reproduction
Bloom Period   Propagated By Cuttings Yes
Commercial Availability Routinely Available   Propagated By Seed No
Fruit/Seed Abundance   Propagated By Sod No
Fruit/Seed Period Begin   Propagated By Sprigs Yes
Fruit/Seed Period End   Propagated By Tubers No
Fruit/Seed Persistence No   Seed Per Pound
Propagated By Bare Root No   Seed Spread Rate None
Propagated By Bulbs No   Seedling Vigor
Propagated By Container No   Small Grain No
Propagated By Corms No   Vegetative Spread Rate Slow
 
Suitibility/Use
Berry/Nut/Seed Product No   Palatable Browse Animal Medium
Christmas Tree Product No   Palatable Graze Animal Medium
Fodder Product Yes   Palatable Human No
Fuelwood Product   Post Product No
Lumber Product No   Protein Potential Medium
Naval Store Product No   Pulpwood Product No
Nursery Stock Product No   Veneer Product No
 
 
Time Generated: 08/09/2020 02:00 AM CDT