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Characteristics

Conservation Plant Characteristics

Medicago lupulina L.
black medick
MELU

Summary
Duration AN, PR Federal T/E Status
Growth Habit FB   National Wetland Indicator
Native Status (I), L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I), GL (I), SPM (I)      
 
Morphology/Physiology
Active Growth Period Fall, Winter and Spring   Fruit/Seed Conspicuous Yes
After Harvest Regrowth Rate Slow   Growth Form Single Crown
Bloat Low   Growth Rate Moderate
C:N Ratio Low   Height at Base Age, Maximum
Coppice Potential No   Height at Maturity 2.0
Fall Conspicuous No   Known Allelopath No
Fire Resistant No   Leaf Retention No
Flower Color Yellow   Lifespan Short
Flower Conspicuous No   Low Growing Grass No
Foliage Color Dark Green   Nitrogen Fixation Medium
Foliage Porosity Summer Porous   Resprout Ability No
Foliage Porosity Winter Porous   Shape and Orientation Decumbent
Foliage Texture Fine   Toxicity None
Fruit/Seed Color Brown      
 
Growth Requirements
Adapted To Coarse Textured Soils No   Moisture Use Medium
Adapted To Medium Textured Soils Yes   pH, Minimum 5.5
Adapted To Fine Textured Soils Yes   pH, Maximum 8.0
Anaerobic Tolerance None   Planting Density Per Acre, Minimum
CaCO3 Tolerance None   Planting Density Per Acre, Maximum
Cold Stratification Required Yes   Precipitation, Minimum 13
Drought Tolerance None   Precipitation, Maximum 60
Fertility Requirement Medium   Root Depth, Minimum 12
Fire Tolerance None   Salinity Tolerance Low
Frost Free Days, Minimum 110   Shade Tolerance Intolerant
Hedge Tolerance None   Temperature, Minimum (°F) 23
 
Reproduction
Bloom Period Summer   Propagated By Cuttings No
Commercial Availability Routinely Available   Propagated By Seed Yes
Fruit/Seed Abundance High   Propagated By Sod No
Fruit/Seed Period Begin Summer   Propagated By Sprigs No
Fruit/Seed Period End Fall   Propagated By Tubers No
Fruit/Seed Persistence No   Seed Per Pound 265840
Propagated By Bare Root No   Seed Spread Rate Moderate
Propagated By Bulbs No   Seedling Vigor Medium
Propagated By Container No   Small Grain No
Propagated By Corms No   Vegetative Spread Rate None
 
Suitibility/Use
Berry/Nut/Seed Product No   Palatable Browse Animal Medium
Christmas Tree Product No   Palatable Graze Animal Medium
Fodder Product Yes   Palatable Human No
Fuelwood Product   Post Product No
Lumber Product No   Protein Potential High
Naval Store Product No   Pulpwood Product No
Nursery Stock Product No   Veneer Product No
 
 
Time Generated: 12/15/2019 07:50 AM CST