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Characteristics

Conservation Plant Characteristics

Magnolia virginiana L.
sweetbay
MAVI2

Summary
Duration PR Federal T/E Status
Growth Habit TR, SH   National Wetland Indicator
Native Status L48 (N)      
 
Morphology/Physiology
Active Growth Period Spring and Summer   Fruit/Seed Conspicuous Yes
After Harvest Regrowth Rate   Growth Form Single Stem
Bloat None   Growth Rate Moderate
C:N Ratio High   Height at Base Age, Maximum 40
Coppice Potential Yes   Height at Maturity 60.0
Fall Conspicuous No   Known Allelopath No
Fire Resistant Yes   Leaf Retention Yes
Flower Color White   Lifespan Moderate
Flower Conspicuous Yes   Low Growing Grass No
Foliage Color Dark Green   Nitrogen Fixation None
Foliage Porosity Summer Moderate   Resprout Ability Yes
Foliage Porosity Winter Moderate   Shape and Orientation Climbing
Foliage Texture Medium   Toxicity None
Fruit/Seed Color Black      
 
Growth Requirements
Adapted To Coarse Textured Soils Yes   Moisture Use High
Adapted To Medium Textured Soils Yes   pH, Minimum 5.0
Adapted To Fine Textured Soils Yes   pH, Maximum 6.9
Anaerobic Tolerance Low   Planting Density Per Acre, Minimum 300
CaCO3 Tolerance None   Planting Density Per Acre, Maximum 800
Cold Stratification Required Yes   Precipitation, Minimum 40
Drought Tolerance None   Precipitation, Maximum 80
Fertility Requirement Medium   Root Depth, Minimum 30
Fire Tolerance None   Salinity Tolerance None
Frost Free Days, Minimum 180   Shade Tolerance Intermediate
Hedge Tolerance Medium   Temperature, Minimum (°F) 17
 
Reproduction
Bloom Period Summer   Propagated By Cuttings Yes
Commercial Availability Routinely Available   Propagated By Seed Yes
Fruit/Seed Abundance Medium   Propagated By Sod No
Fruit/Seed Period Begin Summer   Propagated By Sprigs No
Fruit/Seed Period End Winter   Propagated By Tubers No
Fruit/Seed Persistence No   Seed Per Pound 7530
Propagated By Bare Root Yes   Seed Spread Rate Slow
Propagated By Bulbs No   Seedling Vigor Low
Propagated By Container No   Small Grain No
Propagated By Corms No   Vegetative Spread Rate None
 
Suitibility/Use
Berry/Nut/Seed Product No   Palatable Browse Animal High
Christmas Tree Product No   Palatable Graze Animal
Fodder Product No   Palatable Human No
Fuelwood Product Low   Post Product No
Lumber Product No   Protein Potential Medium
Naval Store Product No   Pulpwood Product Yes
Nursery Stock Product Yes   Veneer Product Yes
 
 
Time Generated: 10/27/2020 11:14 AM CDT