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Characteristics

Conservation Plant Characteristics

Fothergilla gardenii L.
dwarf witchalder
FOGA

Summary
Duration PR Federal T/E Status
Growth Habit SH   National Wetland Indicator
Native Status L48 (N)      
 
Morphology/Physiology
Active Growth Period Spring and Summer   Fruit/Seed Conspicuous No
After Harvest Regrowth Rate   Growth Form Multiple Stem
Bloat None   Growth Rate Moderate
C:N Ratio Medium   Height at Base Age, Maximum 4
Coppice Potential No   Height at Maturity 4.0
Fall Conspicuous No   Known Allelopath No
Fire Resistant Yes   Leaf Retention No
Flower Color White   Lifespan Moderate
Flower Conspicuous Yes   Low Growing Grass No
Foliage Color Green   Nitrogen Fixation None
Foliage Porosity Summer Moderate   Resprout Ability Yes
Foliage Porosity Winter Porous   Shape and Orientation Erect
Foliage Texture Medium   Toxicity None
Fruit/Seed Color Brown      
 
Growth Requirements
Adapted To Coarse Textured Soils No   Moisture Use High
Adapted To Medium Textured Soils Yes   pH, Minimum 5.0
Adapted To Fine Textured Soils Yes   pH, Maximum 6.0
Anaerobic Tolerance High   Planting Density Per Acre, Minimum 100
CaCO3 Tolerance None   Planting Density Per Acre, Maximum 200
Cold Stratification Required Yes   Precipitation, Minimum 35
Drought Tolerance None   Precipitation, Maximum 90
Fertility Requirement Low   Root Depth, Minimum 12
Fire Tolerance High   Salinity Tolerance None
Frost Free Days, Minimum 120   Shade Tolerance Intermediate
Hedge Tolerance High   Temperature, Minimum (°F) -8
 
Reproduction
Bloom Period Spring   Propagated By Cuttings Yes
Commercial Availability Routinely Available   Propagated By Seed Yes
Fruit/Seed Abundance Low   Propagated By Sod No
Fruit/Seed Period Begin Summer   Propagated By Sprigs No
Fruit/Seed Period End Fall   Propagated By Tubers No
Fruit/Seed Persistence No   Seed Per Pound 13000
Propagated By Bare Root Yes   Seed Spread Rate Slow
Propagated By Bulbs No   Seedling Vigor Medium
Propagated By Container No   Small Grain No
Propagated By Corms No   Vegetative Spread Rate
 
Suitibility/Use
Berry/Nut/Seed Product No   Palatable Browse Animal Low
Christmas Tree Product No   Palatable Graze Animal Low
Fodder Product No   Palatable Human No
Fuelwood Product   Post Product No
Lumber Product No   Protein Potential
Naval Store Product No   Pulpwood Product No
Nursery Stock Product Yes   Veneer Product No
 
 
Time Generated: 10/27/2020 10:27 AM CDT