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Characteristics

Conservation Plant Characteristics

Crataegus phaenopyrum (L. f.) Medik.
Washington hawthorn
CRPH

Summary
Duration PR Federal T/E Status
Growth Habit TR, SH   National Wetland Indicator
Native Status L48 (N), CAN (I)      
 
Morphology/Physiology
Active Growth Period Spring and Summer   Fruit/Seed Conspicuous Yes
After Harvest Regrowth Rate   Growth Form Single Stem
Bloat None   Growth Rate Moderate
C:N Ratio Medium   Height at Base Age, Maximum 25
Coppice Potential No   Height at Maturity 30.0
Fall Conspicuous Yes   Known Allelopath No
Fire Resistant No   Leaf Retention No
Flower Color White   Lifespan Long
Flower Conspicuous Yes   Low Growing Grass No
Foliage Color Green   Nitrogen Fixation None
Foliage Porosity Summer Moderate   Resprout Ability Yes
Foliage Porosity Winter Porous   Shape and Orientation Erect
Foliage Texture Medium   Toxicity None
Fruit/Seed Color Red      
 
Growth Requirements
Adapted To Coarse Textured Soils No   Moisture Use Medium
Adapted To Medium Textured Soils Yes   pH, Minimum 4.3
Adapted To Fine Textured Soils Yes   pH, Maximum 7.0
Anaerobic Tolerance None   Planting Density Per Acre, Minimum 300
CaCO3 Tolerance Low   Planting Density Per Acre, Maximum 1200
Cold Stratification Required Yes   Precipitation, Minimum 32
Drought Tolerance Medium   Precipitation, Maximum 60
Fertility Requirement Medium   Root Depth, Minimum 30
Fire Tolerance Low   Salinity Tolerance None
Frost Free Days, Minimum 160   Shade Tolerance Intolerant
Hedge Tolerance Medium   Temperature, Minimum (°F) -33
 
Reproduction
Bloom Period Mid Spring   Propagated By Cuttings No
Commercial Availability Routinely Available   Propagated By Seed Yes
Fruit/Seed Abundance Medium   Propagated By Sod No
Fruit/Seed Period Begin Summer   Propagated By Sprigs No
Fruit/Seed Period End Fall   Propagated By Tubers No
Fruit/Seed Persistence Yes   Seed Per Pound 29800
Propagated By Bare Root Yes   Seed Spread Rate Slow
Propagated By Bulbs No   Seedling Vigor Medium
Propagated By Container No   Small Grain No
Propagated By Corms No   Vegetative Spread Rate None
 
Suitibility/Use
Berry/Nut/Seed Product Yes   Palatable Browse Animal Low
Christmas Tree Product No   Palatable Graze Animal
Fodder Product No   Palatable Human No
Fuelwood Product Medium   Post Product No
Lumber Product No   Protein Potential Medium
Naval Store Product No   Pulpwood Product No
Nursery Stock Product Yes   Veneer Product No
 
 
Time Generated: 09/28/2020 09:43 AM CDT