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Characteristics

Conservation Plant Characteristics

Crataegus douglasii Lindl.
black hawthorn
CRDO2

Summary
Duration PR Federal T/E Status
Growth Habit SH, TR   National Wetland Indicator
Native Status L48 (N), AK (N), CAN (N)      
 
Morphology/Physiology
Active Growth Period Spring, Summer, Fall   Fruit/Seed Conspicuous Yes
After Harvest Regrowth Rate   Growth Form Thicket Forming
Bloat Low   Growth Rate Moderate
C:N Ratio High   Height at Base Age, Maximum 15
Coppice Potential Yes   Height at Maturity 15.0
Fall Conspicuous Yes   Known Allelopath No
Fire Resistant No   Leaf Retention No
Flower Color White   Lifespan Moderate
Flower Conspicuous Yes   Low Growing Grass No
Foliage Color Green   Nitrogen Fixation None
Foliage Porosity Summer Dense   Resprout Ability Yes
Foliage Porosity Winter Porous   Shape and Orientation Erect
Foliage Texture Medium   Toxicity None
Fruit/Seed Color Black      
 
Growth Requirements
Adapted To Coarse Textured Soils Yes   Moisture Use High
Adapted To Medium Textured Soils Yes   pH, Minimum 4.8
Adapted To Fine Textured Soils Yes   pH, Maximum 7.5
Anaerobic Tolerance Medium   Planting Density Per Acre, Minimum 200
CaCO3 Tolerance Low   Planting Density Per Acre, Maximum 1000
Cold Stratification Required Yes   Precipitation, Minimum 16
Drought Tolerance Low   Precipitation, Maximum 260
Fertility Requirement Low   Root Depth, Minimum 12
Fire Tolerance High   Salinity Tolerance None
Frost Free Days, Minimum 120   Shade Tolerance Intermediate
Hedge Tolerance High   Temperature, Minimum (°F) -47
 
Reproduction
Bloom Period Mid Spring   Propagated By Cuttings Yes
Commercial Availability Routinely Available   Propagated By Seed Yes
Fruit/Seed Abundance Medium   Propagated By Sod No
Fruit/Seed Period Begin Spring   Propagated By Sprigs No
Fruit/Seed Period End Fall   Propagated By Tubers No
Fruit/Seed Persistence Yes   Seed Per Pound 21317
Propagated By Bare Root Yes   Seed Spread Rate Moderate
Propagated By Bulbs No   Seedling Vigor High
Propagated By Container No   Small Grain No
Propagated By Corms No   Vegetative Spread Rate Moderate
 
Suitibility/Use
Berry/Nut/Seed Product Yes   Palatable Browse Animal High
Christmas Tree Product No   Palatable Graze Animal Medium
Fodder Product No   Palatable Human Yes
Fuelwood Product Low   Post Product Yes
Lumber Product No   Protein Potential Low
Naval Store Product No   Pulpwood Product No
Nursery Stock Product No   Veneer Product No
 
 
Time Generated: 10/27/2020 10:55 AM CDT