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Characteristics

Conservation Plant Characteristics

Betula occidentalis Hook.
water birch
BEOC2

Summary
Duration PR Federal T/E Status
Growth Habit TR, SH   National Wetland Indicator
Native Status L48 (N), AK (N), CAN (N)      
 
Morphology/Physiology
Active Growth Period Spring and Summer   Fruit/Seed Conspicuous No
After Harvest Regrowth Rate   Growth Form Multiple Stem
Bloat None   Growth Rate Rapid
C:N Ratio Medium   Height at Base Age, Maximum 25
Coppice Potential No   Height at Maturity 25.0
Fall Conspicuous No   Known Allelopath No
Fire Resistant No   Leaf Retention No
Flower Color Yellow   Lifespan Short
Flower Conspicuous No   Low Growing Grass No
Foliage Color Green   Nitrogen Fixation None
Foliage Porosity Summer Moderate   Resprout Ability Yes
Foliage Porosity Winter Porous   Shape and Orientation Erect
Foliage Texture Medium   Toxicity None
Fruit/Seed Color Brown      
 
Growth Requirements
Adapted To Coarse Textured Soils Yes   Moisture Use High
Adapted To Medium Textured Soils Yes   pH, Minimum 5.5
Adapted To Fine Textured Soils Yes   pH, Maximum 7.8
Anaerobic Tolerance Medium   Planting Density Per Acre, Minimum 300
CaCO3 Tolerance Low   Planting Density Per Acre, Maximum 700
Cold Stratification Required No   Precipitation, Minimum 10
Drought Tolerance Low   Precipitation, Maximum 70
Fertility Requirement Medium   Root Depth, Minimum 20
Fire Tolerance High   Salinity Tolerance None
Frost Free Days, Minimum 140   Shade Tolerance Intermediate
Hedge Tolerance None   Temperature, Minimum (°F) -62
 
Reproduction
Bloom Period Mid Spring   Propagated By Cuttings No
Commercial Availability Routinely Available   Propagated By Seed Yes
Fruit/Seed Abundance Medium   Propagated By Sod No
Fruit/Seed Period Begin Spring   Propagated By Sprigs No
Fruit/Seed Period End Spring   Propagated By Tubers No
Fruit/Seed Persistence No   Seed Per Pound 402000
Propagated By Bare Root Yes   Seed Spread Rate Slow
Propagated By Bulbs No   Seedling Vigor Medium
Propagated By Container No   Small Grain No
Propagated By Corms No   Vegetative Spread Rate None
 
Suitibility/Use
Berry/Nut/Seed Product No   Palatable Browse Animal Medium
Christmas Tree Product No   Palatable Graze Animal Low
Fodder Product No   Palatable Human No
Fuelwood Product Medium   Post Product Yes
Lumber Product No   Protein Potential
Naval Store Product No   Pulpwood Product No
Nursery Stock Product No   Veneer Product No
 
 
Time Generated: 10/20/2019 02:05 PM CDT