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Characteristics

Conservation Plant Characteristics

Betula nana L.
dwarf birch
BENA

Summary
Duration PR Federal T/E Status
Growth Habit SH, SS   National Wetland Indicator
Native Status L48 (N), AK (N), CAN (N), GL (N)      
 
Morphology/Physiology
Active Growth Period Summer   Fruit/Seed Conspicuous No
After Harvest Regrowth Rate   Growth Form Multiple Stem
Bloat None   Growth Rate Moderate
C:N Ratio High   Height at Base Age, Maximum 2
Coppice Potential Yes   Height at Maturity 3.0
Fall Conspicuous No   Known Allelopath No
Fire Resistant No   Leaf Retention No
Flower Color Green   Lifespan Moderate
Flower Conspicuous No   Low Growing Grass No
Foliage Color Green   Nitrogen Fixation None
Foliage Porosity Summer Moderate   Resprout Ability Yes
Foliage Porosity Winter Moderate   Shape and Orientation Decumbent
Foliage Texture Fine   Toxicity None
Fruit/Seed Color Brown      
 
Growth Requirements
Adapted To Coarse Textured Soils Yes   Moisture Use Low
Adapted To Medium Textured Soils Yes   pH, Minimum 4.9
Adapted To Fine Textured Soils Yes   pH, Maximum 6.5
Anaerobic Tolerance Low   Planting Density Per Acre, Minimum 1200
CaCO3 Tolerance Low   Planting Density Per Acre, Maximum 1700
Cold Stratification Required Yes   Precipitation, Minimum 14
Drought Tolerance Medium   Precipitation, Maximum 30
Fertility Requirement Low   Root Depth, Minimum 18
Fire Tolerance Medium   Salinity Tolerance None
Frost Free Days, Minimum 80   Shade Tolerance Intermediate
Hedge Tolerance Low   Temperature, Minimum (°F) -43
 
Reproduction
Bloom Period Late Spring   Propagated By Cuttings No
Commercial Availability Contracting Only   Propagated By Seed Yes
Fruit/Seed Abundance Medium   Propagated By Sod No
Fruit/Seed Period Begin Summer   Propagated By Sprigs No
Fruit/Seed Period End Summer   Propagated By Tubers No
Fruit/Seed Persistence No   Seed Per Pound 600000
Propagated By Bare Root Yes   Seed Spread Rate Slow
Propagated By Bulbs No   Seedling Vigor Low
Propagated By Container No   Small Grain No
Propagated By Corms No   Vegetative Spread Rate None
 
Suitibility/Use
Berry/Nut/Seed Product No   Palatable Browse Animal Low
Christmas Tree Product No   Palatable Graze Animal
Fodder Product No   Palatable Human No
Fuelwood Product   Post Product No
Lumber Product No   Protein Potential
Naval Store Product No   Pulpwood Product No
Nursery Stock Product Yes   Veneer Product No
 
 
Time Generated: 08/09/2020 01:35 AM CDT